Krishi India Expo
20 - 22 AUGUST 2018
Pragati Maidan, New Delhi

Krishi India

Krishi India Expo

MARKET PROFILE

Agriculture plays a pivotal role in the Indian economy. Its contribution to India's GDP is around 16%, and provides employment to 56% of the workforce. Agriculture provides food security to the majority of the population in the country, and is an inclusive growth sector for the Indian economy.

Small and Marginal Farmers

  • Small holdings play an important role in raising agricultural development and in poverty alleviation
  • Small farmers need a level playing field in terms of accessing land, water, inputs, credit, technology and markets. They face challenges on integration of value chains, liberalization and globalization effects, market volatility, are vulnerable to other risks and climate change, etc.

Needs of Small Farmers

  • Tenancy security
  • Farmers' education and public dissemination of knowledge.
  • Credit for both consumption and investment purposes.habitat for beneficial organisms.

Feminisation of Agriculture

  • Agriculture is becoming increasingly feminized as men are migrating to rural non-farm sector. Women are continually denied property rights and access to resources. Infrastructure support and giving legal support on existing laws, will facilitate recognition for women as farmers, and enable them to access credit, inputs, and marketing outlets.

Agricultural Implements/Equipment

  • Agricultural machinery is used in various activities like land development, tillage, seed bed preparation, sowing and planting, weeding and plant protection, harvesting and threshing, post-harvest and agro processing
  • The current market for agriculture equipment in India is about US$6.5 billion, and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 8% during 2014-19
  • Government initiatives on farm mechanization, subsidies and training programmes have made agricultural implements more affordable to farmers. However, small and marginal farmers are still unable to buy high value farm equipment. Tractors dominate the agricultural equipment market in India, followed by threshers.

Soil Rejuvenation

  • The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) has been formulated to enhance agricultural productivity, especially in rain-fed areas for water use efficiency, integrated farming, soil health management and resource conservation.
  • The government Soil Health Card Scheme (launched in February 2015), to issue health cards to 140 million farmers, would carry crop-wise recommendations of nutrients and fertilizers required for individual farms to improve productivity through judicious use of inputs.
  • Growing a variety of crops in a planned sequence in order to increase soil organic matter and biodiversity in the soil
  • Cover crop as part of planned rotation to the soil
  • No-till farming as a way of growing crops without disturbing the soil through tillage
  • Mulch tillage as a method where the soil surface is disturbed but maintains a high level of crop residue on the surface
  • Mulching by applying plant residues or other suitable materials to the soil surface to compensate for loss of residue due to excessive tillage
  • Nutrient management to meet crop needs while minimizing the impact on the environment and the soil
  • Pest management, with an ecological approach, to promote growth of healthy plants with strong defenses, to increase stress on pests, and enhance the habitat for beneficial organisms.
  • Bioresources

    • Rural India depends on a wide range of bioresources (nonfossil biogenic resources used to produce food, substantial products, and energy) for their nutrition and livelihood.
    • Traditional rights of access to biodiversity, which include access to forest products including medicinal plants, gums and resins, oil yielding plants and beneficial micro-organisms
    • Opportunities to conserve, enhance and improve crops and farm animals as well as fish stocks
    • Suitable community-based breed conservation (i.e. conservation through use)
    • Breeding to increase output of low productivity farm animals, etc.

    Irrigation

    • Of the gross sown area of 192 million ha, rainfed agriculture contributes to 60 per cent of the gross cropped area, and 45 per cent of the total agricultural output
    • Farmers need access to sustained and equitable water supply
    • Rainwater harvesting and recharge of aquifers should be mandatory, and targeted at private well owners.
     
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